Weaving, which is one of the traditional arts, has been one of the indispensable elements of Turkish culture for centuries. From the cradle to the grave, weaving, which is necessary to maintain life at every stage of human life, has gained diversity with the development of the art of ornamentation. Dyes and colors are of great importance in the development of textile and weaving arts. Natural dyes, which have been used for thousands of years, have been replaced by synthetic dyes in the last century. However, after the negative effects of chemical dyes on humans and nature, a return to nature has begun. New searches have begun, such as being an antioxidant and anti-carcinogen in traditionally used natural dyes. In this study, Malva Sylvestris (Malva Sylvestris) plant, which is among the medicinal aromatic plants and which is not known much in traditional natural dyeing, is discussed. All of the stem, leaves and flowers of the plant were dyed with woolen threads. Friction and light fastness values of dyed yarns were investigated. Hibiscus plant was dyed 20 with 10 different mordant substances (two different ratios of 2% and 4%). In order to make a comparison, 1 dyeing without mordant was done. Friction and light fastness values were measured on dyed wool yarns. Light fastness (2-7), friction fastness (2-5). Color tones were obtained between the lightest straw litter and the darkest coffee bean. As a result, colors with high light fastness value can be preferred in weavings such as carpets and rugs.
Keywords: Vegetable dye, mallow, light fastness, rubbing fastness, medicinal aromatic plant