Sculpture art forms an integrity within itself in mass and volumetric sense in the period from the first age to the present in the classical sense. Likewise, the art of sculpture made progress by developing itself further with concepts such as mass, volume, emptiness, fullness, light and shadow, which were revealed in the medieval and baroque period. Especially the separation of the sculpture, which was created with classical materials, with different phenomena with the formation process (clay, mud, marble, wood, bronze, etc.) began to express itself as a separate definition with casting processes as well as molding with materials. In this study, mold making processes, which are indispensable of sculpture art, will be examined by using two different casting techniques from sculptures that have been molded. In this context, it is observed that gypsum mold and polyester mold technologies continue to be used today with the developments and changes that they have undergone from the past to the present. To summarize, within the scope of this study, detailed processes related to casting the work whose mold was taken over classical sculpture technology were explained.
Keywords: Sculpture, mold, casting, plaster, polyester