Ulakbilge - Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi
Cilt 9, Sayı 56  2021/1  (ISSN: 2148-0451, E-ISSN: )
Emre ŞEN

NO Makale Adı

Marxism, founded by Karl Marx, mainly presents sutureist analyzes of the social and reality of human beings. According to Marxism, art can be the whole spiritual or spiritual realm of reality, the material substructure of human society can exist and it can only be understood properly on this basis. It includes the spiritual reality of man, based on his entire social and historical existence, together with art, all superstructure activities such as ethics, politics, law, religion, philosophy, science. Another dimension is the spiritual reality of humanity, measuring it with its material reality. Of course, this is not a one-sided and sterile determination, but a reciprocal and dialectical relation and determination. But ultimately it is the material living conditions that are decisive. One cannot speak of a human culture and species without assuming material reality, nature; but once formed it has a determination over human spirituality and the natural reality of man. It transforms the immediacy of human natural reality with culture. Art, like all other spiritual fields of activity and institutions, cannot exist independent of class distinctions and interests shaped by production forces and relations. Class and ideological analysis of art occupies an important place in Marxist aesthetics. Art and art can serve the ruling classes as well as the oppressed classes. The field of art and political struggle cannot be completely isolated. In this statement; The differences and basic aspects of the Marxist Aesthetics and the aesthetic object have been studied by using the basic relational, descriptive research method in chronological order since aesthetics was first considered.

Keywords: Aesthetics, Karl Marx, Aesthetic Object