Ulakbilge - Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi
Cilt 8, Sayı 55  2020/12  (ISSN: 2148-0451, E-ISSN: )
Nurşen DİNÇ, Elif DOKUR

NO Makale Adı

From past to present, the witch image has been an important source of verbal, written and visual narratives. In mythology, legends and fairy tales, witchcraft is collected in the identity of a witch woman with negative features such as an old woman who is a sorcerer, terrible, evil and ugly.She is also the one who kills children, brings diseases and calamities, cooperates with the devil. In addition to being associated with cultural, economic, political and social discourses in historical reality, this image of the witch has been constantly adapted from one narrative to another, almost traditionalized and featured in our memories with its characteristic features. This tradition has also been applied to the cinema and also animated cinema, which is a sub-branch of cinema. “Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs”, “The Wizard of Oz”, “Hansel and Gretel” and “Cinderella” are some of the films that correspond to the traditional concept of the witch, adapted from fairy tales. Currently, the witch characters in animated cinema are blended together with the lifestyles of traditional and modern society, moving out of the traditional witch image and entering an interesting transformation process. In parallel with social and cultural changes, it is now seen that the witch character reflects different stories and meanings. This study aims to reveal the differences of witch characters produced in animated cinema from the traditional witch image and put forward the transformations they have experienced. In the study, the concept of witch and witchcraft has been discussed in the historical process first and then features and characters related to the image of witch in cinema and animated cinema have been exemplified together with the content. In the study, the witchcraft status of the witch characters in animated films has been discussed and in this context, the Miyazaki film "Kiki's Delivery Service" (2007), which is one of the prominent examples of animated cinema, has been analyzed. The analysis of the film has been conducted along with the relationship of time, space and character which are the key components of the narratives.

Keywords: Witch, History of Witches, Cinema, Animation Cinema, "Kiki's Delivery Service"