Ulakbilge - Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi
Cilt 7, Sayı 41  2019/10  (ISSN: 2148-0451, E-ISSN: )

NO Makale Adı

Various art definitions are encountered from past to present. Apart from that, there are also opinions that question the categorization of art history. One of these is the abstraction and identification thesis of Wilhelm Worringer, who puts all art creation under two concepts. One of the two concepts is the indoctrination of 'abstraction', which Theodor Lipps put forward, in which all the works in art history are united in one affect, and the other is based on all the concepts of anti-naturalistic, abstract tendency. The other is the abstraction impulse on which all abstract tendencies of art are based. Empathy is an artistic orientation towards imitation of nature created by a perception of peace in harmony with nature. And, as Theodor Lipps argues, all art history is not gather under the concept of a single empathy. Abstraction is the expression of " thing-in-itself " in primitive and civilized communities. Woringer accepts the art of primitive and eastern nations as the first abstract art. Thus, with this thesis, he has changed both the beginning and the grouping of art history. However, there are no pre-Turks in the civilizations that Woringer regarded as Eastern peoples. This attract notice as a major shortcoming. However, the pre-Turks, who were a nomadic Central Asian civilization, had their existence as one of the first Eastern civilizations, whether by archaeological findings or by the records of Chinese civilization.

Keywords: Turkish Rock Paintings, Turkish Tamga and Petroglyphs, Wilhelm Worringer, Abstraction Identity