The roots of "surveillance", one of the most important tools of the governments for centuries, date back to very old times. Its major impacts, however, have begun to be deeply felt in modern times. Parallel to the development of nation-states and large-scale bureaucratic organizations in particular, surveillance has also become widespread. In the twenty-first century, contemporary metropolises are exposed to a constant visual electronic surveillance under the name of security and public safety. In this context, we all are now constantly being watched in public spaces by invisible audiences behind MOBESE cameras. The basis of this system which proposes the control of society by force is based on Jeremy Bentham's Panopticon design. Today, Bentham's eighteenth-century design, Panopticon, is now intertwined with urban scales and replaced with electronic surveillance cameras. The surveillance towers and guards at Panopticon correspond to the central control rooms and the cameras, respectively. The ordinary citizen is being watched through cameras by invisible guards; but the observers are made invisible. Artists have responded to the aspirations of public surveillance by means of their works of art as well. In this article surveillance that's changed gradually in terms of physically and dimensionally which has all the way changed our physical and social life up to the present time, and the aspects are analyzed along with the related works of selected examples of arts so far.
Keywords: Surveillance, Panopticon, Mobese Cameras. artists