The aim of the study is to examine the art of paleolithic age painting and to analyse and explain the lion panel takes place on the big panel of the last room of Chauvet Cave. The men of paleolithic era expressed his intense emotions stem from hard life conditions by means of drawing paintings on cave walls, in this way, he can able to transfer his thoughts belong to thousands of years ago. Due to the natural disasters, entrances of caves closed so as not to get any fresh air, by this means the paintings can able to get until today without disruption. In 19th Century, the graffitos firstly discovered in Spain and Southern France surprised people notably. The reason is similarities between Paleolithic Era’s and Modern Era’s understanding of figuration. Well preserved Altamira, Lascaux and Chauvet caves enabled us to have information about thousands of years ago and revolutionized our informations on art of Paleolithic Age. Despite the paintings of Chauvet cave were discovered later than the other caves, they are thousands of years older than the Altemira and Lascaux caves. Despite their age, they are unbelievebly well drawn. These paintings are old enough to be considered as first samples of animation. The panel takes place at the same location with some footprints of both human and animals which were discovered. The importance of the place originates from intact footprints despite their age. For this reason, it is forbidden to come closer to entrance of the cave even for experts in charge from research team of the cave. This research was generated via examination based on literature and some interpretations were done about related study. According to found and proposed literature related with the panel, direction of drawn figuration provided via movement, space composing and manner of a giving shape which became a smybol. It can be said that, people of the era used some pictorial factors of description like composition, plan, pattern with sensitivity.
Keywords: Paleolithic Age, Cave Paintings, Chauvet Cave, Lion Panel