The American ceramic artist Peter Voulkos (1924-2002), considered one of the pioneers of Contemporary Ceramic Art, used pottery wheel skilfully during his time as an educator at Otis Art Institute. The ceramics he shaped on pottery wheel helped to remove the mental boundaries between art and craft and had an important place in the art discipline. Voulkos and his students have pushed the boundaries by exploring a world beyond technical boundaries and traditional production. Voulkos's artistic productions were influenced by his years at the Archie Bray Foundation (1951-1954), Black Mountain College, Japanese ceramic culture, Zen Buddhism, classical Flamenco, jazz music and artists from different disciplines. Voulkos was also influenced by Abstract Expressionism, which stripped from traditional aesthetic, political and moral values and challenged the traditional pictorial realm. Contrary to the masters who lived in the past, the Modernists emphasized the flatness of the canvas, which inspired Voulkos and had been seen as negativity for thousands of years; stresses the plasticity of the material by including the cracking during forming, drilling, cutting and tearing. Peter Voulkos, who directs contemporary ceramic art, is an important breaking point in ceramic art. Within the scope of this paper, Peter Voulkos had been dealt with within the framework of the non-functional ceramics he brought to the forefront in the art of ceramics and the interactions that brought him to this point.
Keywords: Ceramic, Abstract Expressionism, Peter Voulkos, sculpture