In the new urban conception of the Republican era, parks and squares emerge as important centers of public life. In addition, monuments and sculptures were also included. These areas where was a sign of The War of Independence, the Republic, modernity and secularism. Most of the monuments are figurative, but religious and political. One of these monuments including political leaders, culture and scientists is the Monument of Güven. The Monument of Güven is a composition describing the trust of the Turkish Nation in the police and the gendarmerie. The monument of Güven is at Kizilay Square in the center of Ankara. This place where the monument is located brings people together, collects and exchanges culture. They form social images related to the space and the environment in the activities carried out in this area. The most important feature of the capital of the Republic of Ankara is the monumental sculpture. The Republican architecture and art, envisioned as an ideological tool by the power, undertook the task of representing the regime. The most important function of the monuments within the understanding of the new city created in the early Republican years; Nation State understanding, modernity and the Republic has become an indicator of the values. The most important indicator in these monuments; was designed and put into place in accordance with a set of principles with physical properties. It should be in accordance with the universal art conception. These principles include; Unity is ratio, scale, harmony, balance, symmetry, rhythm and contrast. other functions should be considered. The monument of Güven creates a spatial image like an artistic expression by changing the physical environment, feelings and thoughts with a human and social perspective and making a unifying effect.
Keywords: Monument, Sculpture, public sphere, Monument of Güven