Founded on the legacy of the Russian Empire and put into practice by the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917, Soviet socialist system generally exhibited a totalitarian mode of rule based upon colonization and assimilation over the course of its sovereignty until it was dissolved in 1991. The policies implemented by the Soviet governments in order to build up the Soviet nation, identity, history and culture, and thus to strengthen and continue the existence of the Union have been a complete destruction for all peoples under Soviet rule. While aiming to create the Soviet people who will keep the system alive, anti-democratic understanding that puts great pressure on people and society has created a structure which is in full of injustice, persecution and violence, and experiences pain and difficulty to people. In this context, the environment and the events taken place was able to evaluate only after the last years of the Soviet Union or after its dissolution. Many films shot in Kazakhstan following independence treated issues which address the events happened during the Soviet Union period, reflected the facts that were unknown and described differently in that period, exhibited attitude which brings criticism about that period, and thus, revealed an understanding of reckoning with the Soviet ideology. In this context, the films named “Mustafa Shokay” and “Hostage (Amanat)” directed by Satybaldy Narymbetov are truly remarkable.In the films mentioned above, misinformation about the history and historical personalities of Kazakhstan by the Soviet ideology is readdressed and criticized.In this article, films named “Mustafa Shokay” and “Hostage (Amanat)” directed by Satybaldy Narymbetov were examined using the method of critical discourse analysis developed by Teun A. van Dijk. The criticisms of the Soviet Union, types of criticism and ideological backgrounds were explained.
Keywords: Satybaldy Narymbetov, Mustafa Shokay, Ermukhan Bekmakhanov, Kenesary Kasymov, Hostage, Amanat, Kazakhstan Cinema, USSR Critique, Biographic Film.