Ulakbilge - Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi
Cilt 2, Sayı 4  Güz 2014  (ISSN: 2148-0451, E-ISSN: )
Muhittin ELİAÇIK

NO Makale Adı

The courses in Ottoman Madrasahs were generally from the works of scholars and explanations, compendiums, footnotes, concise, translations etc. written to them who lived out of Ottoman region and the views of these scholars have been gradually gotten the nod over educational institutional, government and the society as well. One of the leading courses taught in Madrasahs was rhetoric and largely based on the work of Siracüddin es-Sekkâkî’s (death.1228) Miftâhu’l-Ulûm. Insomuch that Miftah Madrasahs, at the bottom of the second place in hierarchical structure of the Ottoman Madrasahs, got that name due to this course’s being taught so frequently in this Madrasah. As is known, the hierarchical structure of the Ottoman Madrasahs were reformed by Sahn-ı Semân that Fatih, the Conqueror founded and the Madrasahs had a hierarchical structure from bottom to top; at the very bottom level, there were Tecrîd Madrasahs that Hâşiye-i Tecrîd book was taught which was about Remarks; in the second place, there were Miftâh Madrasahs that Sekkâkî’s Miftâhu’l-ulûm work was taught which was about rhetoric and then in sequence, there have been Kırklı Medreseler (Fourty Madrasahs), Hâric Ellili Medreseler (External Fifty Madrasahs), Dâhil Ellili Medreseler (Internal Fifty Madrasahs); on the top, there were Sahn-ı Semân Madrasahs. The rhetoric courses together with Remarks and Islamic Jurisprudence were basic courses in Madrasahs, and in much higher Madrasahs, Arabic grammar subjects and other supplementary courses such as Logic and Islamic Jurisprudence were taught in Madrasahs, too.
Keywords: Madrasah, textbook, rhetoric books.