Russian Federation is an exclusive country and civilization thanks to its ethnic diversity, statea dministration, huge geographical features and many more. One of the most characteristic features of the Russian Federation is that it has a unique federative structure. Russian federalism, an asymmetric and hierarchical regime, does not have equal autonomy rights to all federal units. For example, the Republic of Tatarstan, which constitutes the subject of work, has a high level of autonomy, which is different from other federated republics. Inthisstudy, the federal structure in Russia was examined in general, the different autonomy situations of federations, the causes and the asymmetric structure in Russian federalism as a result of these reasons. This study aims to reveal the events and phenomena that support the autonomy and authenticity of the Republic of Tatarstan, which has emerged as a unique management among the federated republics thanks to its Muslim-Tatar identity, strong economy and good relations with the central government.
Keywords: Russia, Federalism, Russian Federation, Tatarstan Republic