Ulakbilge - Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi
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Cilt 6, Sayı 22  2018/3  (ISSN: 2148-0451, E-ISSN: )
Semra KILIÇ KARATAY

NO Makale Adı
1518773393 MOTIFS AND MEANINGS USED IN OBRUK OF CARPETS

Pile fabrics in traditional Turkish art have a very important place in artistic terms. When Obruk village where pile fabrics are produced, it is examined from the point of view of the region and culture values it carries, it has been determined that it has important data and it is determined as a research area.This report has been prepared by compiling the information and images obtained from the field research done in the village of Obruk in Niğde Province. According to the findings, it was determined that Turkish (Gördes) knot was used in pile fabrics, and warp, weft, hook yarns were obtained from wool of their own sheep. In the coloring of the weaving yarns, it has been observed that in some of them synthetic lacquers are also used. The dyeing process is performed by the weavers in primitive conditions. The Obruk village is found in the examples of pile weaving, the Obruk village mosque and more in the houses. Data were collected about the villagers who came from different places and settled in the mosque, photographs of the pile fabrics found in the mosques and houses, technical and artistic characteristics of these weavings were determined.Pile fabrics usually take their name from the motifs used. These motifs are not affected by a certain pattern, but the eyes of the wise women have appeared with their eyes memorized. For example, fish motifs, sergeant motifs, and apple motifs are used for naming and grouping fabrics and they are included in the weaving examples such as Quarter, Base, Pillow, Pattern, Mattress carpet. In the porch prayer rugs, the motifs used were completely changed, and the patterns of Mihrablu or Kandilli weavings were dominated by Kabe or mosque compositions.The study was carried out in order to recognize and promote the motifs of the pile fabric samples which are stated by the local people as a very wide use area. The history of the pile fabrics, the materials used, the tools, the techniques applied, the patterns were determined and the textures were examined in certain name groups.

Keywords: Niğde, Obruk, Weaving, Traditional, Node, Motif