The first period broadcasting policy in European television broadcasting was generally public service broadcasting. This policy, which lasted until 1980, ended with the emergence of private publishers and a mixed structure in the broadcasting sector started to be implented. This change in broadcasting has led to a debate on what will happen to the public service broadcasters at governments' control in television structuring. Public service broadcasting companies faced with a serious financial crisis, legitimacy and identity problem in the competitive environment they entered with private broadcasters in this period. In this study, we examined the understanding broadcasting between European policies and actions in the field of broadcasting with a special place in the organization of public service broadcasters in Italy and Turkey between 1980 and 2010. In the study, we studied a literature search consisting of economic, legal documents, laws and reports of both countries. The study also compared the broadcasting system of the two countries in the context of the principles that the BBC founder Reith set for the Public Service Broadcasting. As a result of the study, it was seen that RAI and TRT moved away from the competitive public service model understanding of commercial television channels.
Keywords: Television Policies, Public Service Broadcasting, Television Broadcasting in Italy, Television Broadcasting in Turkey